TOPIC: GS PAPER II INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests
Funds from a Japanese government loan will soon be utilized for the first time in the $100 billion, Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) project. So far, the mega-project was being developed only with the Indian government’s financial assistance. The DMIC spans six States (Uttar Pradesh, Delhi National Capital Region, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra). It uses ‘the 1,500-km-long, high-capacity western Dedicated Railway Freight Corridor (DFC) as the backbone’ and aims to be ‘a global manufacturing and investment destination’.
WHAT IS MASS RAPID TRANSPORT SYSTEM?
Mass transit can be of two types: heavy rail or light rail. Heavy rails are one of the better forms of mass transit as:
Advantages of Mass Transit
Mass transit is believed to be more environmental friendly than other public transport facilities. Private vehicles emit about twice as much carbon monoxide and other volatile organic compounds than public vehicles. Mass transit reduces the number of cars on the road which in turn reduces the pollution caused by individual cars.
The main idea behind mass transit is to reduce the number of vehicles on the road by providing a larger facility which carries higher number of passengers thus eliminating congestion.
Mass transit reduces the travel time to a great extent as it moves at high speeds and stops only at specific spots.
THE WAY AHEAD
Mass transit development can both improve the usefulness and efficiency of the public transit system as well as result in increased business for commercial developments and thus serves to improve the economy of the country. Transit systems also have an indirect positive effect on other businesses. Mass transit systems offer considerable savings in labor, materials, and energy over private transit systems. Also mass transit allows a higher amount of load to be transported to far away destinations in lesser time because of its reasonable capacity than private vehicles. Because of their larger capacity offering them to carry high efficient engines they also help in saving fuels.
QUESTION ARISING FROM THE NEWS:
WHAT DO YOU UNDERSTAND BY THE MASS RAPID TRANSPORT SYSTEM? HIGHLIGHT ITS MAIN ADVANTAGES.
SOURCE: HINDU, 17 NOV
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