TOPIC: GS PAPER I SOCIETY
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
When Prime Minister Narendra modi launched the Swachh Bharat Mission in 2014, it marked the beginning of the world’s largest ever sanitation drive. Now, a 2017 survey by the Quality Council of India finds that access to toilets by rural households has increased to 62.45 per cent, and that 91 per cent of those who have a toilet, use it. Given India’s size and diversity, it is no surprise that implementation varies widely across states. Even so, the fact that almost every Indian now has sanitation on the mind is a victory by itself.
Achieving a task of this magnitude will not be easy. Bangladesh took 15 years to become open defecation free (ODF), while Thailand took 40 years to do so. Meeting sanitation targets is not a one-off event. Changing centuries-old habits of open defecation is a complex and long-term undertaking.
THREE YEARS INTO SBM:
We must now capitalise on the SBM’s momentum to put an end to open defecation. This will improve the health of India’s children, provide dignity and safety to its women, and achieve a clean India.
SOURCES: DH, IE, TOI, 22 NOV
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