TOPIC: GS PAPER II Indian Constitution- features
WHAT IS THE ISSUE?
The growing threat of radicalisation with the lure of terror groups like Islamic State (ISIS) for thousands of youth has been one of the biggest internal security concerns for the Government. To deal with this threat, a change of strategy was introduced with the focus being on counter-radicalisation and a more proactive cyber monitoring mechanism.
A SYNOPTIC OVERVIEW
Bringing militants into the mainstream
The home ministry’s counter-radicalisation approach which started two years back is yielding positive results. Counter terror agencies say that they are now being told to wait and watch suspects with arrests only being made after they cross a certain threshold. Officials also say that in many cases, after being intercepted, the suspects have not been taken into custody. Instead, with the help of family members and local community leaders, many have been “de-radicalised” and brought back into the mainstream.
The government clearly views its de-radicalization strategy as a success. Presenting a report card in June over what his ministry had achieved over the last three years, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh said the fact that terror groups like ISIS had failed to establish themselves in India
Figures show that till now over 90 ISIS aspirants have been arrested from across the country with Kerala, Telangana and Tamil Nadu being the hotbed of activity for attracting young Muslims to jihad.
Experts say that to deal with such security challenges, the sharing of intelligence needs to be improved and cyber security must play a larger role in combating terrorism. There is an urgent need to have a robust mechanism of sharing intelligence in real time between Centre and state, various intelligence agencies and even private organisations that can help.
On the issue of cyber security, old fashioned techniques of gathering intelligence were obsolete and technology had to play a larger role. There are people who want to still do the things the old way but today the use of technology in intelligence gathering is a must. There has to be a change in the governance pattern to attract youngsters with technical knowhow to assist them in fighting terror threats.
Despite condemnation from certain sections over the government allowing the Army and security forces to use excessive force to curb stone pelters in the Valley last year, the ministry claims that the situation has vastly improved today thanks to its policies.
According to data from the home ministry, 583 cases have been registered this year against 2,897 cases last year. The data also states that the 2,808 incidents of stone pelting that rocked the Valley last year have come down to 664 in 2017. On July 9, 2017 the ministry informed Parliament that there were 172 recorded incidents of “violence by militants” in the state this year as compared to 322 in 2016. They concluded that by end 2017, the number of terror attacks would be far less than 2016.
Apart from J&K, one of the biggest internal security challenges for the country has been the Maoist insurgency. Though it has shown signs of a decline in recent times, the Maoist threat is far from over. The challenges have certainly taken a toll on security personnel who are taking on rebels indulging in guerrilla warfare.
The good news is that in the last three years between July 2014 and June 2017 there has been a 22 percent dip in Maoist violence. The government says that the news is all the more welcome considering that the preceding three year period, during the UPA regime, between 2011 and 2014 saw an increase of 78 percent in Maoist attacks.
Ensuring internal security and safeguarding the border areas cannot be done without modernizing and keeping up the Forces’ morale. In this regard, the ministry is facing some challenges. Shortage of arms and ammunition, lack of promotional opportunities, inadequate medical facilities, and allegations of corruption against senior officers by their juniors, are huge challenges for the ministry to overcome.
While the ministry has to deal with these challenges quickly, the Forces also need to keep pace with changing technologies, not only to be more effective but also safeguard themselves against new techniques being adopted by the enemy.
QUESTION ARISING FROM THE NEWS:
Q1) Do you agree with the view that the government has been successful in dealing with various internal security challenges pertaining in the country? Substantiate.
Source : DNA 01.Dec
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