1. Consider the following statements:
1. The researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology-Madras (IIT-M) have recreated space fuel by simulating interstellar conditions in the laboratory.
2. he discovery has the potential to convert atmospheric carbon dioxide into a next-generation energy source to curb greenhouse gases and global warming.
Which of the above statement/statements are correct?
A. Only 1
B. only 2
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor
The researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology-Madras (IIT-M) have recreated space fuel by simulating interstellar conditions in the laboratory. It is a big breakthrough for India in the exploration of cleaner and sustainable alternatives to fossil fuel.The discovery has the potential to convert atmospheric carbon dioxide into a next-generation energy source to curb greenhouse gases and global warming.The research of the IIT-M in this regard has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
The team from IIT-M was able to create methane-containing clathrate hydrates in ultra-high vacuum (1000 billion times below the atmospheric pressure) and at a temperature close to -263oC. i.e. the conditions at deep space.This discovery of hydrates at extremely low pressures and ultra-cold temperatures is highly unexpected. The team predicts that molecules like methane and ammonia in space could exist in a completely different form than what is known to us.
2. Consider the following statements:
1. The new planet HD 21749b is outside our solar system and orbits a dwarf star 53 light years away.
2. HD 21749b orbits a bright star in the constellation Reticulum.
3. It has the longest orbital period of all the three discoveries made by TESS.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A. 1 and 2 are correct
B. 1 and 3 are correct
C. 2 and 3 are correct
D. All of the above
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of USA has discovered a new planet. It is the third new planet discovered by the NASA mission, Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS).The new planet HD 21749b is outside our solar system and orbits a dwarf star 53 light years away.HD 21749b orbits a bright star in the constellation Reticulum.It has the longest orbital period of all the three discoveries made by TESS.HD 21749b orbits its star in a relatively leisurely 36 days.It is predicted that the surface of the new planet is likely around 300 degrees Fahrenheit, which is relatively cool, given its proximity to its star, which is almost as bright as the sun.The other two discoveries made by the TESS probe are Pi Mensae b and LHS 3844b. Pi Mensae b has an orbit of 6.3 days and LHS 3844b has an orbit of just 11 hours.
3. Consider the following statements related to the Henley Passport Index:
1. The Henley Passport Index measures the access each country’s travel document affords.
2. Its covers 199 passports and 227 travel destinations.
3. India jumped two positions from 81st in 2018 to 79th this year.
The Henley Passport Index measures the access each country’s travel document affords. The Index is based on the data provided by the International Air Transport Authority (IATA) and covers 199 passports and 227 travel destinations. Japan retained its top spot as the world’s most travel-friendly passport due to the document’s access to 190 jurisdictions.
South Korea and Singapore are at joint second position offering access to 189 jurisdictions.
China has jumped almost 20 places in just two years, from 85th in 2017 to 69th this year.
India jumped two positions from 81st in 2018 to 79th this year.
European Union member states along with Norway and the US occupy the places behind the top three nations in the rankings.
The rankings of the USA and UK have continued to drop.
The top 5 positions are held by Japan (190 countries), Singapore, South Korea (189), France, Germany (188), Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden (187), and Luxembourg, Spain (186)
4. At which three places, the Union Cabinet on January 10, 2019 approved the establishment of new AIIMS ?
A. Samba, Rajkot and Avantipura
B. Udaipur, Nagpur and Avantipur
C. Rajkot, Avantipura and Udaipur
D. Udaipur, Samba and Rajkot
The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the setting up of three new AIIMS institutions. The three new institutions would come up at Vijaynagar at Samba of Jammu Region, Awantipora in Pulwama of Kashmir Region and Rajkot in Gujarat under the pradhan mantri swasthya suraksha yojana. The two new AIIMS for Jammu and Kashmir, one each for Jammu Region and Kashmir Region was announced by the Prime Minister under the Prime Minister’s Development Package and the AIIMS in Rajkot, Gujarat was announced by the Finance Minister in his budget speech.
5. Consider the following statements related to the Democracy Index 2019:
1. Only 5% of the world’s people live in a full democracy.
2. Australia and New Zealand are the only “full democracies” in the entire Asia-Pacific region
3. India was at the 41st place with a score of 7.23/10 and was placed in the flawed democracies category.
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) has released the Democracy Index which ranks 167 countries by 60 indicators across five broad categories. The categories considered for the index are electoral process and pluralism, the functioning of government, political participation, democratic political culture and civil liberties. The index classifies each country either as a full democracy, flawed democracy, hybrid regime or authoritarian.
Only 4.5% of the world’s people live in a full democracy. The overall global score remained stable in 2018 for the first time in three years. 42 countries experienced a decline in their index score compared with 89 in 2017 and 48 countries have improved their score.
Australia and New Zealand are the only “full democracies” in the entire Asia-Pacific region
Eight countries Algeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Timor-Leste, Ethiopia, North Korea, Laos, Nepal and Sri Lanka which have the word “democratic in full titles were not fully democratic. India was at the 41st place with a score of 7.23/10 and was placed in the flawed democracies category.
6. Which of the followings has become the first distribution company (DISCOM) in India to implement 100 per cent smart metering solution. ?
A. Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board
B. Southern Power Distribution Company, Telangana
C. Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company
D. NDMC (New Delhi)
The New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) has become the first distribution company (discom) in India to implement 100% smart metering solutions.The council on Wednesday announced the completion of a project to replace 50,000 conventional electricity meters with smart metres in households under its jurisdiction.Council officials said smart metres will enhance consumer convenience and rationalise electricity consumption.“The system will allow consumers to know their consumption on a real-time basis and accordingly, control the use of electricity in their homes, leading to reduced power wastage and providing long-term carbon and financial savings. They can find out the quality of power supply, which would help them save their appliance from tripping. We aim to replicate the pilot project in other cities in the next three years,” said RK Singh, Union Minister of State (IC) for Power and New & Renewable Energy, during the inaugural ceremony of smart meter feature on NDMC’s app at Convention Centre.
7. Where was the second edition of Khelo India Youth Games was officialy inaugurated by union sports minister Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore ?
C. New Delhi
The second edition of Khelo India Youth Games was officially inaugurated yesterday evening by union sports minister Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore at Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex in Pune. The first day of 12-day sporting extravaganza was action-packed with many records being broken by the young athletes.
8. Where was the Global Skill Summit 2019 ?
Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, Honourable Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship attended the Global Skill Summit 2019 held in Ranchi, Jharkhand organised by Government of Jharkhand.On this occasion, in total 106619 youths of Jharkhand have been given symbolic offer letter for jobs in the private sector surpassing the target of giving jobs to 1,00,000 youths.Honourable Governor of Jharkhand Smt. Droupadi Murmu, was the chief guest in this one day Global Skill Summit, 2019 which was also attended by Honorable Chief Minister of Jharkhand Shri Raghubar Das.
9. Which Indian organization has recently signed MoU with SAMEER for research in Communication Navigation and Surveillance (CNS)?
Airports Authority of India (AAI)signed MoU with Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research (SAMEER) for joint research programs in the field of Communication Navigation and Surveillance (CNS).AAI and SAMEER, an autonomous research and development (R and D) institute under MeitY have entered into an overarching MOU that will provide a platform for Collaborative Research for both the Organizations to work together.
10. Who is the recipient of the Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism Award for Investigative Reporting (Print category)?
A. Sushant Kumar Singh
B. Sandhya Ravishankar
C. S Vijay Kumar
D. Anand Kumar Patel
Vijay Kumar, Senior Deputy Editor with The Hindu in Chennai, was presented the Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism Award for Investigative Reporting (Print category) for his reports on how taxmen alerted officials about payoffs in the Tamil Nadu gutka scam – but were ignored. The award was presented by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh at a ceremony in New Delhi on January 7.
Good explanation . Thanku
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