1. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed a penalty on PNB for not following the guidelines relating to Swift system related software?
A. 1 crore
B. 2 crores
C. 3 crores
D. 4 crore
2. Consider the following statements related to the Mankading?
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A. 1 and 2 are correct
B. 1 and 3 are correct
C. 2 and 3 are correct
D. All of the above
3. In which area is the ‘Turing Award’ given annually?
A. Artificial Intelligence
B. Oceanic Research
C. Biodiversity Conservation
D. Health care
4. Consider the following statements related to the Nota ?
5.The United States of America has declared Golan Heights as the Israeli territory. The area was part of extreme southwestern of which country until 1967?
6.Consider the following statements related to the Outer Space Treaty?
A.1 and 2 are correct
B.1 and 3 are correct
C.2 and 3 are correct
D.All of the above
7.Which river has been included as protocol route to promote river route transport between India and Bangladesh?
8.Consider the following statements?
Which of the above statement/statements are correct?
C.Both 1 and 2
D.Neither 1 nor 2.
9.With which country has India signed an inter-government agreement for the automatic exchange of country-by-country (CbC) reports ?
10.Consider the following statements related to the Kenichi Ayukawa?
The Reserve Bank of India has slapped a penalty of Rs 2 crore on Punjab National Bank for non-compliance of regulatory directions with regard to SWIFT operations. SWIFT is a global messaging software used for sharing information on inter-bank transactions by financial entities.
Answer: 2) D
On March 25, 2019 the victory of Kings XI Punjab in IPL was overshadowed by the captain R. Ashwin’s Mankading. He ran Jos Buttler out at a time the latter was threatening to chase the challenging total down. Butler is the first to be dismissed in such a manner in the history of the IPL. Ashwin was bowling his final over, the 13th during Royals’ chase. While bowling the fifth ball of his over, Ashwin seemed to have stopped in his action and waited for Buttler to leave his crease. He, then, Mankaded the non-striker and appealed. As per the rule book, there was nothing illegal with the decision but some critics say that it is against the spirit of the game. This isn’t the first time Buttler was being dismissed like this. He was run out by Sri Lanka’s Sachithra Senanayake in an ODI in 2014.
What is Mankading?
Mankading is derived from the name of former Indian cricketer Vinoo Mankad. In 1947, during a series in Australia, Mankad had dismissed Bill Brown twice by clipping the bails at the non-striker’s end before bowling the ball. That time Mankad faced severe criticism but the batting great and then Australian captain Sir Don Bradman supported him. The mode of dismissal is permissible as per ICC Rule 41.16. The rule says that if the non-striker is out of his/her ground from the moment the ball comes into play to the instant when the bowler would normally have been expected to release the ball, the bowler is permitted to attempt to run him/her out. Whether the attempt is successful or not, the ball shall not count as one in the over.If the bowler fails in an attempt to run out the non-striker, the umpire shall call and signal Dead ball as soon as possible.
Answer: 3) A
The Turing Award 2018 has been awarded for Geoffrey Hinton, Yann LeCun, and Yoshua Bengio who have kickstarted an AI revolution by studying the learning abilities of large artificial Intelligence networks. The deep neural network uses layers of artificial Intelligence which mimics the structure of animal brains. Such AI is increasingly used in products that people use every day – from smart speakers to Facebook. This forms the backbone of Deep Learning.
Deep learning involves building computer programs which mimics the structure of animal brains, with many layers of artificial neurons used for processing the data. When the network of neurons digests data, each neuron has individual responses within each layer. These outputs are passed to the next layer until the network finally forms a decision or judgment about the input. This deep learning technology can be used to transcribe human speech or recognise a person’s face in different photographs.
Turing Award is recognized as the highest distinction in computer science and is often referred to as the “Nobel Prize of computing”.
Answer: 4) D
Nota is an option given to voters to exercise a negative vote by not choosing any of the candidates who are contesting in a local, Assembly or general election. It came into force in 2013.The NOTA symbol is of a ballot paper with a black cross mark. While the Supreme Court envisaged it as a way of cleansing the political system, NOTA’s scope remains limited at the State and national level. Even if the maximum number of votes cast in a constituency is for NOTA, the candidate winning the next highest number of votes is declared the winner. At the local level, there have been attempts to expand its scope — last year, the Maharashtra and Haryana State Election Commissions announced that if NOTA garners the most number of votes, then none of the candidates would be declared the winner and a fresh election would be held instead. In the 2014 general election, 1.08% of the electorate chose the NOTA option.
Answer: 5) B
US President Donald Trump announce to recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights. Golan Heights was part of Syria until 1967.Israel occupied the Golan Heights during the Six Day war (Third Arab Israeli war) held in 1967.
Israel annexed the region unilaterally in 1981. The Golan Heights is a rocky plateau with an area of 1,800km² on the border between Israel and Syria in south-western Syria. Syria tried to retake the Golan Heights during the 1973 Middle East war. Syria was defeated in its attempt. Both countries signed an armistice in 1974 and a UN observer force has been in place on the ceasefire line since 1974.India has also not recognized Golan heights as Israel territory and has called for the return of Golan Heights to Syria.
Answer: 6) D
India just conducted its first test using anti-satellite (ASAT) missile weapon called ‘Mission Shakti’. The Outer Space Treaty, formally the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, does not address the use of ASATs either. Outer Space Treaty is a legal entity and came in 1966 as a legal document towards the General Assembly. The Treaty was opened for signature by the three depository Governments (the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) in January 1967, and it entered into force in October 1967.The Outer Space Treaty bars states from placing weapons of mass destruction in orbit of Earth, installing them on the Moon or any other celestial body, or otherwise stationing them in outer space. In Article IV of this treaty, it is mention that the use of the Moon and other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes and expressly prohibits their use for testing weapons of any kind, conducting military manoeuvres, or establishing military bases, installations, and fortifications. However, the Treaty does not prohibit the placement of conventional weapons in orbit.
Answer: 7) C
Cruise service is going to start between the river route between India and Bangladesh. This will be of great importance to India and Bangladesh in terms of tourism. Cruise Ship will travel from Kolkata to Sundarbans via the river route and move from there to the northeast region of India. To promote water transport between the two countries, the Rupnarayan River (National Waterway-86) has been included as the protocol route.
Answer: 8) C
The Indian Council of Medical Research and the African Union (AU) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) which formalised the India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative Platform (IAHSP) by establishing a framework. It will pave the way for cooperation in R&D, capacity building, health services, pharmaceutical trade, and manufacturing capabilities. The IAHSP was established after the first India-Africa Health Sciences Meet in 2016 in New Delhi. The IAHSP strengthens cooperation in the health sector in a structured and organized manner.
Answer: 9) A
India and the US Wednesday signed an Inter-Governmental Agreement for exchange of Country-by-Country (CbC) reports of multinational companies regarding income allocation and taxes paid to help check cross-border tax evasion.
What is the CBC report?
CBC report contains country-to-country information of any multinational company. In the CBC report, the compilation of country-by-country information related to the global allocation of the income of any MNE group, paid taxes and some other indicators has been compiled. There is a list of all constituent bodies in the MNE group employed in a particular jurisdiction. Also, the nature of the main business of such a component body has also been mentioned.
Answer: 10) C
The country’s largest carmaker Maruti Suzuki India (MSI) has re-appointed Kenichi Ayukawa as Managing Director and CEO for a period of three years with effect from April 1, 2019. The company’s board, which met on March 27, re-appointed Ayukawa on the existing terms and conditions including remuneration.
This would be Ayukawa’s third three-year term as MD and CEO of MSI. He had taken over for the first time in March 2013.
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